Today we were practicing different forms tenses and modes of sentences with Alex. In the past few weeks, we have learned future tense, the 2 forms of subjunctive and passive. Each time we learned a new tense, we had quite sufficient amount of practice on that specific tense the same day and few following dates. Today out of blue, Alex wanted to check how much of all those exercises we remember. We were all surprised, Alex and all the students. We could remember some of them, but all of us (except Alex, of course) were making mistakes in conjugating some of the verbs. At this point Alex realized although we had learned and practiced those topics recently, but we needed to renew our knowledge again. He decided to write down the more confusing ones on the board and make each of us make an example for them. I thought you also might need to refresh your conjugating skills.
So, the tenses we practiced to day were:
Zukunft: werden + Infinitiv
Perfekt: haben/sein = Partipzip II
Pasiv: werden + Partipzip II
Konjunktiv II Perfekt: hätte/wäre + Partipzip II
Konjunktiv II Präsens: würde + Infinitive
I guess there is no need to explain the first two one. Future and perfect tense are straightforward and easy. Passive is a bit tricky, but it is mostly the same concept in most of the languages. If you know English passive, it is exactly the same concept in German: “Hamlet was written by Shakespeareâ€.
(picture: Watch out Alex! The Big Brother is watching you!)
And now Konjunktiv II (in English it is called subjunctive mood). There several situations you need to use Konjunktiv II:One way to associate Konjunktiv II Präsens in German to some thing you already know is to think of conditional sentence in English:
If I ate faster, I would surely have a stomachache.
Wenn ich schneller äße, würde ich bestimmt einen Magenschmerz haben.
This sentence is explaining a non-past situation in present or future.
To create the Perfekt (i.e. past) form, we need to use axillary verbs “habenâ€ or “seinâ€:
If I had eaten faster, I would surely have had a stomachache.
Wenn ich schneller gegesen hätte, hätte ich bestimmt einen Magenschmerz gehabt.
Now it is your turn to find another situation where we need to use Konjunktiv II. How would you ‘politely’ order coffee in a café in Vienna?